7 Reasons Why You Develop White Spots On Teeth

Even with apt brushing or flossing every day, there is still a lingering chance of developing white spots on your teeth. The reasons make this change inevitable; however, dentists have a few routes up their sleeve to help you.

Request An Appointment

    What Causes White Spots To Develop On Teeth?

    Here are the top 7 reasons why this might be happening:

    • Demineralization
      Demineralization or decalcification of teeth is one of the primary reasons why white spots develop on teeth. Usually, bacterial build up over time due to poor oral hygiene can cause this to happen.  They produce acids that eat away at the calcium and minerals in the enamel, and develop white or brown spots. It starts off as a small, chalky white area on the teeth and if left untreated, progress to form cavities.
    • Enamel Hypoplasia
      Your genes also play a crucial role when it comes to developing white spots on teeth. If you have the genetic disposition of developing thin tooth enamel, it is possible that your teeth may suffer from discoloration, often in the form of spots. This can happen due to a variety of factors, including poor nutrition during childhood, high fevers during illness, smoking during pregnancy, etc.Thin or absent enamel exposes the underlying dentin layer of your tooth, creating a white or yellow discoloration effect. Unfortunately, enamel hypoplasia is permanent, and the only way to address the discoloration is through cosmetic dental treatments such as veneers or crowns.
    • Fluorosis
      Fluoride is a well-known mineral that strengthens enamel; however, its excessive exposure can lead to a cosmetic condition called fluorosis. This condition presents itself as white spots on teeth and is seen to affect around 25% of the US population.
      This condition commonly hits during the early childhood years when the permanent teeth are still developing. The excess fluoride disrupts the normal mineralization process, leading to the characteristic discoloration.
    • Plaque Accumulation
      Plaque is a known enemy of the tooth. Poor oral hygiene, especially while wearing braces, can result in a buildup leading to white spots on teeth. The bacteria in the plaque film releases acids that gradually demineralizes the enamel.
    • Acid Reflux
      Acids are known for their eroding properties, and teeth are not barred from them. Frequent acid reflux to your mouth can erode tooth enamel, leading to the development of white spots on it.
    • Dehydration
      It is rather temporary and a reversible condition. Sleeping with your mouth open can cause short term white spot development on your teeth. Once saliva comes in contact of the teeth again, these spots typically disappear.
    • Diet
      Eating a diet high in acidic or sugary foods and drinks can also contribute to white spot formation by breaking down tooth enamel over time. The acid and sugar create an environment for bacteria to thrive and further demineralize the enamel.

    How Do Dentists Treat White Spots On Teeth?

    Some of the common routes to deal with this problem include:

    • Teeth whitening
      Professional whitening treatments reduce the visibility of white spots for a more uniform look.
    • Dental Veneers
      They are thin and fragile shells of porcelain or ceramic that cover the front surface of your teeth. They are bonded to the visible part, thereby concealing white spots and other imperfections.
    • Topical Fluoride
      For patients who grapple with white spots due to enamel hypoplasia, topical fluoride to encourage enamel development can help.
    • Composite Resin
      Dentists use composite resin to fill cavities and bond the outer enamel of teeth, although this may not be suitable for extensive white spots.
    • Microabrasion
      A thin layer of enamel is removed to minimize the appearance of white spots to give your smile its uniformity back.
    Questions About 7 Reasons Why You Develop White Spots On Teeth?

    Closing Note

    A thorough cleaning regime of brushing and flossing, coupled with regular dental cleanings, is crucial to prevent plaque buildup and white spots on the teeth. If you need more information or ask how we can be of help, contact a Howard Dental School in Washington graduate, Dr. Sheryar Khan, at Contemporary Dental Care.

    We aim to stay at the forefront of the latest dental advancements to provide the best dental care for you. Connect with us by calling Orlando, FL (321) 522-8577, Altamonte Springs, FL(689) 209-0080, or Ocoee, FL (689) 407-3015.

    Skip to content